What is Considered Promoting Prostitution in Oregon

Across the United States, prostitution is a point of contention and people argue about whether it’s good or bad. In fact, according to research found by Marist Poll, “Nearly half of U.S. residents, 49% report prostitution between two consenting adults should be legal while 44% disagree.” Despite the back and forth on the morality of prostitution, it’s still illegal.

In Oregon, it’s a crime to buy or sell sex, force somebody else to engage in prostitution, or facilitate prostitution. There are specific prostitution laws against the person selling sex, and separate patronizing laws against those who buy sex.

All these different terms and laws can get a bit confusing. To clarify for anyone who has been charged with a crime involving some aspect of prostitution, below is a guide to what is considered promoting prostitution.

Promoting Prostitution

Often called “pimping” or “pandering,” promoting prostitution laws are aimed at the people or organizations that benefit from, or help others commit, prostitution. A big caveat for these laws is that the defendant must know that prostitution is occurring.

More specifically, according to Oregon state law a person promotes prostitution if he or she:

  • Owns, manages, or supervises a place of prostitution
  • Forces a person to engage in prostitution or stay at a place of prostitution
  • Receives, or agrees to receive, compensation in return for a prostitution activity
  • Engages in any conduct that facilitates an act or enterprise of prostitution

Another act considered as promoting prostitution is if a person encourages another to take part in either side of a sex-for-money transaction. Promoting prostitution is a multi-faceted act and getting charged with such a crime comes with many consequences.

Examples of Promoting Prostitution

  • Procuring a prostitute for a patron
  • Causing another to become or remain a prostitute intentionally
  • Soliciting clients for another person who is a prostitute
  • Driving someone to a known place of prostitution
  • Encouraging a person to leave a state for prostitution purposes
  • Letting your house, vehicle, or property be knowingly used for prostitution

If you’re charged with promoting prostitution, it is considered a Class C felony in Oregon. This means the crime is punishable with up to five years in prison and a fine up to $125,000. Promoting prostitution is a serious crime, and the consequences of participating are severe in Oregon as well. If you or someone you know is charged with such a crime, get in contact with a Clackamas Country sex crime defense attorney. In situations like these, you want to have the best for your defense.

What Is Considered Reckless Driving in Oregon?

Reckless driving is a term you may have heard before—but what exactly does it mean? Below, we delve into what’s considered reckless driving in Oregon and the various penalties that come with it.

What is Considered Reckless Driving?

Many states have a law against reckless driving—Oregon takes these laws very seriously. Reckless driving is defined as a crime in which someone drives in a way that puts the safety of people or property in danger. This is different than careless driving, and the motorist does not realize they are driving dangerously. Individuals can be charged for either crime, but careless driving charges are typically less severe.

Reckless driving is a serious traffic offense and is often charged as a misdemeanor, so it’s important to note what actions result in reckless driving charges. According to the Insurance Information Institute, for years “speeding has been involved in approximately one-third of all motor vehicle fatalities,” but there is a lot more to dangerous driving than just speeding. Check out a few other actions defined as reckless driving below.

  • Passing another vehicle when visibility of oncoming traffic is limited on a two-lane highway
  • Driving 25 miles per hour (or more) over the posted speed limit
  • Ignoring traffic signs
  • Racing other vehicles
  • Weaving through traffic

Oregon also has a charge called a wet reckless—reckless driving while under the influence of intoxicants. Often, the main charge you’ll receive in these cases is a DUII charge, but you may receive a reckless driving charge along with it.

You’ll get charged with a wet reckless if you do one of the following:

  • Speeding while under the influence of intoxicants
  • Driving with a child in the car while under the influence of intoxicants
  • Being involved in an accident while under the influence of intoxicants

What Are the Penalties for Reckless Driving in Oregon?

In Oregon, reckless driving is considered a Class A misdemeanor, so there a few different penalties one could face.

  • Maximum of one year in Jail
  • Maximum of $6,250 in fines
  • License suspension—90 days for a first offense, one year for a second offense within five years
  • Maximum period of supervision or probation that can be imposed is five years

Apart from those specific penalties, Oregon often adds other consequences for this crime. Any added consequences typically depends on your prior driving history. A reckless driving charge will also go on your driving record and may result in a criminal record.

If you get charged for reckless driving or a DUII, get in contact with a Beaverton criminal defense attorney as soon as possible.

Understanding Various BAC Levels: How Alcohol Affects You

For years, research has shared the different ways that alcohol negatively affects the body. Yet, people still turn to alcohol for various reasons. The nonprofit organization Facing Addiction with NCADD found that unfortunately “17.6 million people, or one in every 12 adults, suffer from alcohol use disorder or alcohol dependence.”

This fact demonstrates just how many people rely on alcohol. Oftentimes, people don’t realize how much the alcohol they are drinking is affecting their bodies and minds. Because of this, we’ve decided to compose a guide about what exactly happens to your body at different BAC levels.

Don’t think that you’re invincible to the hazards of alcohol—below you’ll find information on how blood alcohol concentration affects your body.

Understanding Various BAC Levels

When ingested, alcohol impairs the body’s central nervous system, reducing inhibitions and response to stimuli. To measure alcohol’s effect on the body, one must determine the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. For example, a BAC level of 0.1% is one-part alcohol per 1,000 parts blood. Below we’ll describe what happens to your body at each level.

Standard Drink Sizes

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):

  • 12 ounces of beer is 5% alcohol content
  • 8 ounces of malt liquor is 7% alcohol content
  • 5 ounces of wine is 12% alcohol content
  • 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits or liquor is 40% alcohol content

The standard drink has 0.6 ounces of pure alcohol in it—heavily affecting how people act and think.

BAC of 0.02%

The lowest level of intoxication, when someone has a BAC of 0.02% there will be a small impact on the brain and body. People with this blood alcohol concentration will feel effects in mood, have a slightly warmer temperature, feel relaxed, and will possibly make poor judgments.

BAC of 0.05%

A slightly raised level of intoxication, at BAC levels around 0.05%, an individual’s behavior will become exaggerated. A typical symptom of this raised blood alcohol level is blurry vision—this will come into play as you lose control of small muscle functions. Individuals will have problems with concentration and coordination at this level.

In fact, this past year Oregon has been debating whether to lower the legal drinking limit to 0.05%, as the effects at this level can heavily impair driving.

BAC of 0.1%

Individuals with this BAC are at a considerable and visible level of intoxication. A person’s thinking and reasoning will be much slower, which are a symptom of the brain’s inability to react and the nervous system’s inability to stay in control. This BAC is where most people will often note slurred speech.

BAC of 0.2%

This BAC level is when individuals begin to blackout. A person may participate in events that they won’t remember as high levels of confusion and disorientation are prevalent. This hazardous and high level of alcohol in your system will change the ability to sense pain and impair the gag reflex. Nausea, vomiting, and harm are likely to occur, as you won’t be able to recognize or control things happening to you.

BAC of 0.3%

Stupor sets in at this stage—your brain will essentially shut down, so people will think you’re awake, but internally, it’s like you’ve passed out. You will be unresponsive to all stimuli and you will have an incredibly difficult time recognizing and understanding people around you.

BAC of 0.4% or Above

A blood alcohol percentage this high puts people in comas and can even cause sudden death. Either the heart or breathing will stop suddenly, ending a life.

Seek Help

If you or someone you know has an alcohol abuse problem, reach out to various rehab facilities. If an individual has made mistakes, and you’re in need of a lawyer, talk to Jared Justice—a top-notch Clackamas County criminal defense attorney.

Consequences of Underage Drinking in Oregon

In 2015, Oregon released a Public Service Announcement campaign to reinforce the incredible dangers of underage drinking. The Oregon Liquor Control Commission and alcoholic beverage company Pernod Ricard joined forces to remind parents of the dangers of underage drinking and that parents should not excuse this behavior. The PSA read as follows:

Underage drinking doesn’t start with a drink. It starts with an excuse. “We drank when we were that young and we turned out okay.” “It’s fine if he takes a sip. My son knows the limit.” “These kids are under so much pressure. I say let’s cut them a break.” “I don’t mind if he’s drinking with his friends. Just as long as they’re doing it at our house.”

This mindset is harmful because it steers away from the fact that underage drinking is dangerous. The most recent campaign targets teens, reminding them that drinking and driving is the ultimate party foul.

Underage drinking is never acceptable for many reasons. AAA released a study that concluded that “people who begin drinking before they’re 15 years old are five times more likely to be alcoholics later in life.” There are many other legal consequences of underage drinking, and we have listed a few of them below.

Consequences of Underage Drinking in Oregon

In most states, a BAC of .08% is the legal limit for adult drivers. Some states even allow up to a .02% BAC level in underage drivers. In Oregon, however, any amount of alcohol in a driver under 21 years of age is illegal.

1. Suspended License

If a minor is charged with a DUII, they will face a one-year license suspension. Unless they are approved for and participate in Oregon’s DUII Diversion Program, the minimum penalty is one year without a driver’s license.

2. Fines

A Class A misdemeanor conviction comes with a $1,000 fine—but you may accrue court charges on top of that.

3. Community Service

For minors, community service is often a result of an underage drinking and driving conviction. 80 hours of community service is a common penalty.

4. Installation of an IID

For more serious DUII charges, an Ignition Interlock Device (IID) may be installed in any vehicle operated by the offender. This can remain in place for one year.

5. Transferred Charges

Frequently, underage DUII charges are transferred from the juvenile court to the adult court system, where the penalties can become more expansive. One year in jail, five years of probation, a one-year license suspension, and a $6,250 fine are the maximum penalties for underage DUIIs in an adult court.

Talk to an Attorney

If you or someone you know has been convicted of underage drinking and driving, there are a few things you need to know. Make sure to talk to a Beaverton DUII attorney, and they will help in any way they can. Contact our office right away and let us help you find the best solution.

5 Common Misconceptions About DUII In Oregon

When it comes to DUII charges, many individuals receive misinformation due to the tendency to believe whatever we’ve seen online or on TV. These half-truths can lead to a serious misunderstanding that effects how people view the crime. To combat the most common myths about DUII, we’ve listed five misconceptions and explain the truths behind them.

Common Misconceptions About DUII In Oregon

Myth #1: A DUII charge means you’re automatically guilty

The argument refuting this myth is pretty simple—United States citizens are all innocent until proven guilty. Not all DUII arrests are the same, and it’s not unheard of for police to make arbitrary arrests; some people who receive an arrest for DUIIs are actually innocent due to feeble police observation or faulty chemical tests.

Truth #1: To convict someone of a DUII, it must be legally proven that the driver was intoxicated.

. . .

Myth #2: A drunk driving charge isn’t as severe as driving under the influence of drugs

The truth is, Oregon does not have a separate charge for drinking while driving and driving while on drugs. In both circumstances, police will charge the person performing either of these acts as driving under the influence of intoxicants (DUII). If a lab can prove that an intoxicant of some form was in the blood, then the court may find the driver guilty.

Truth #2: It is just as bad of a conviction to drive while under the influence of drugs.

. . .

Myth #3: Anyone can participate in the DUII Diversion Program

Oregon has a DUII Diversion Program for individuals who plead guilty to their DUII charge. However, to opt for the diversion program, individuals will need to meet several requirements. First-time offenders can often participate, but this is not the case for everyone.

Truth #3: If you received a DUII conviction in the past, have been in the program in the last 15 years, or the offense resulted in death or injury of another, you cannot participate.

. . .

Myth #4: A DUII is not a big deal

This misconception is far from the truth. A DUII is not as bad as first-degree murder, but it still taints your record. Oregon specifically takes DUIIs quite seriously—convictions will often result in fines, license suspensions, and sometimes jail time. In fact, although a DUII will drop off your driving record after 3–7 years, “the infraction will likely remain on your criminal record forever.”  

Truth #4: A DUII in Oregon comes with many consequences—significant fines, license suspension, and perhaps jail time.

. . .

Myth #5: Any attorney can defend a DUII charge

DUII law can be quite specific, and it’s important to choose someone who knows what they’re doing in these situations. Unlike assault, a DUII conviction could be a potentially lifelong charge affecting an individual’s mobility, future employment, and insurance. Don’t try and take your DUII defense in your own hands or let a family friend tax attorney represent you in court—choose a reputable Clackamas County DUII lawyer.

Truth #5: There’s a science to DUII law that is different than other practices—you need somebody knowledgeable.

Signs You’re Financially Abusing Your Partner & Tips to Stop

Even the best of relationships can be strenuous. People tend to focus on physical and verbal abuse in toxic relationships, but not on financial abuse. According to U.S. News, “Financial abuse occurs in 98% of abusive relationships.” To ensure that you don’t harm your partner in this particular way, learn more about what financial abuse is, the signs you’re financially abusing your partner, and helpful tips on how to stop this behavior. A solid, supportive, and healthy relationship requires open communication, trust, understanding, and so much more.

What Is Financial Abuse?

Financial abuse is when someone controls his or her partner’s ability to acquire, maintain, and use financial resources. The forms of financial abuse are varied, and each situation is different. No matter what, each person in a relationship should have the ability to be financially independent. Preventing this ability results in financial abuse.

Subtle tactics like manipulation can be used to enforce financial abuse, but in some cases, more overt and intimidating tactics can lead to other forms of domestic violence. Financial abuse is often the primary reason a victim remains trapped in an abusive relationship.

Possessive, overbearing attitudes and behaviors in a relationship can significantly impact a partner’s welfare. If you’re worried that you’re being financially abusive, keep reading as we explain the different signs of financial abuse in a relationship.

The Big Signs: You’re Being Financially Abusive If…

1. You Control All the Income

Some couples do have one person handle all the financial responsibilities if the other partner is doing something equally important—this balance of responsibility is very important in healthy relationships. This only becomes a problem when one controls the money in an unhealthy and manipulative manner. Whether you control only the credit cards or all the income, seizing financial authority over your partner makes them dependent on you. This creates an unequal partnership. If you frequently check your partner’s bank account but don’t let them see yours, you’re creating an imbalance in the relationship, and this can be detrimental.

Example: You open credit cards in your partner’s name without telling them.

2. You Get Upset When Your Partner Spends Money

A lot of couples agree to follow a budget, but when one person calls all the shots, an unhealthy relationship can develop. If you’re deciding when your partner spends money and what they spend it on—or if you get angry when they spend money without your approval—this is an issue. If your partner feels the need to seek retribution for a purchase they made, you have undoubtedly created a financially abusive situation.

Example: You become angry when you find that your partner has spent even a little bit of money without your approval.

3. You Ruin Job Prospects

Preventing your partner from going to work or harassing them while they’re at work doesn’t just make them look bad—it can also cause problems with their ability to hold down a job. When you go to your partner’s workplace, prevent them from doing their job, or keep them from getting a job altogether, you violate their independence.

Even bombarding your partner with texts and phone calls can distract them to the point where they can’t complete their work. All of these small distractions can add up and create larger issues at work. Any of these examples are a problem, especially when done purposefully. Ruining your partner’s job prospects restricts their movement in an organization that provides them with resources to get them out of this abusive relationship.

Example: You discourage your partner from going back to school, making them dependent on your income.

4. You Constantly Assert Your Financial Dominance

If you consistently indicate to your partner that you’re in charge, you’re enforcing an unequal and unhealthy balance within your relationship. Even if a bank account is under one partner’s name, the other shouldn’t be left with nothing. Don’t let this create a power imbalance, since that can cause you to act in a dominant and manipulative manner.

Example: You use phrases like “This is my money…” or “This is my house…”.   

5. You Give Your Partner an Allowance

Just like getting upset when your partner spends money, giving your partner an allowance is another aspect of financial abuse. Your partner is neither your child nor your dependent—they are your equal, and you giving them an allowance does not treat them as such.

Example: You decide when and how your partner spends money.

6. You Keep Financials a Secret

You may think that keeping financial information a secret from your partner is a good idea, but this is a form of control. As we’ve noted, each person in the relationship should be able to practice financial independence—if you keep your finances a secret, you’re taking control of someone else’s financial matters in an unhealthy manner.

Example: You keep bills, loans, and debt a secret from your partner.

Tips on Stopping Abusive Behavior

After recognizing the different signs that you’re abusing your significant other, you may wonder how to stop. A lot of abusers don’t realize that their actions are wrong, don’t care about the damage they do, or simply cannot stop themselves. The inability to stop their own abusive behavior can stem from substance abuse problems, impulse control issues, and even brain damage. If you find yourself the abuser in a relationship and want help stopping the abusive cycle, there are a few things you can do.

  • Learn what exactly abuse is. For example, understanding the five main types of domestic violence is a good place to start.
  • Get sober with the help of rehabilitation programs, counseling, and other similar resources.
  • Stop rationalizing abuse. Abuse is never an acceptable way to deal with personal or relational issues.
  • Fully accept how seriously you have hurt the people you care about, whether it be your partner, family members, and/or children.
  • Talk to a professional to deal with any anger issues, substance abuse problems, lack of boundaries, or personal relationship strategies. There are people who want to help if you’re willing to admit to your abusiveness.
  • Commit to succeeding. There will be times when you’ll want to revert to past methods of dealing with stress and anger. Stick to commitment to change.

If you’re unable to control these unhealthy behaviors and find yourself in legal trouble, contact a Clackamas County criminal defense attorney to help you in court.

signs you are financially abusing your partner and tips to stop image

The Types of Misdemeanors in Oregon and Their Consequences

Oregon classifies crimes as either felonies or misdemeanors. People often misjudge the impact of what these charges can bring to one’s social and personal life. In order to understand the consequences, one must understand the various actions that fall under the two.

Here you’ll find the different types of misdemeanors and their potential consequences.

Different Classes of Misdemeanors

There are four different categories to misdemeanors: Class A, B, C, and unclassified. You may think that unclassified is the most serious, but Class A is more serious and will result in a longer jail sentence and a higher fine.

Crime ClassMaximum SentenceFine
“Unclassified” MisdemeanorThe penalties will be specific to the event
Class “C” Misdemeanor5 to 30 days$1,250
Class “B” Misdemeanor30 days to 6 months$3,500
Class “A” Misdemeanor6 months to 1 year$6,250

It’s important to note that the different classes of misdemeanors, their sentences, and their fines can all vary. For example, a judge may decide the fine amount for an unclassified misdemeanor—it will not be the same across the board.

Crimes Against a Person

  • Assault

Assault is typically a physical attack on another person and may not typically cause or involve serious injury or harm. Assault in the fourth degree is a Class A Misdemeanor. Misdemeanor crimes that typically fall under this category are simple assault and domestic violence.

Simple assault will include things like punching someone with an intent to cause harm, but it can also include threatening to hurt someone without following through. Domestic violence is a pattern of behaviors in an intimate relationship used by one partner to maintain power and control over the other. 

  • Harassment

Continuous unwanted actions—whether that be verbal, physical, or emotional—toward another person or group is harassment. Stalking is a typical example of harassment. Harassment is a Class B crime.

Public Safety Crimes

Public safety crimes are violations that could threaten the safety of passerby. Here are a few examples.

  • Disorderly Conduct

Often called “disturbing the peace,” disorderly conduct is unruly behavior that effects the general public. Disturbing an assembly and obstructing traffic are but two examples of disorderly conduct. Disorderly conduct can either be Class A or Class B depending on the action.

  • Interfering with Public Service Officials

This can mean getting in the way of a firefighter or slowing down Emergency Medical Services. Either way, interfering is a Class A misdemeanor.

  • Reckless Driving

Drinking and driving and driving under the influence are the most common form of reckless driving. For these reasons and the harm that often results, reckless driving is a Class A misdemeanor.

  • Prostitution

Prostitution is Class A misdemeanor in Oregon. Prostitution and solicitation are both quite prevalent in the state, even though they are not often talked about.

Crimes Against Property

These types of misdemeanors refer to taking, damaging, or entering a property that is not your own.

  • Trespassing

Entering another person’s property without their express permission is trespassing. Trespassing, depending on the situation, can either be a Class A or Class C misdemeanor—the first or second degree, respectively.

  • Theft

Theft is also referred to as larceny, and it is defined as taking property owned by another person without their permission. Theft does not have to involve threats or violence. Theft in the second degree (Class A misdemeanor) and in the third degree (Class C misdemeanor) are considered as such when the amount stolen falls under a specified amount. It is still technically theft if you did not steal something but have it in your possession. This is also the case if you possess a stolen item without the knowledge of its theft.

  • Vandalism

Vandalism—or mischief—is an act that destroys or damages another person’s property without that person’s permission. Breaking a person’s window and spray-painting someone’s house are two examples of mischief. Criminal mischief in the second and third degree are Class A and C crimes, respectively.

Consequences of a Misdemeanor on Your Record

Although misdemeanors may not be as serious as felonies, they are still crimes. The different types of misdemeanors create various potential consequences.

Direct Consequences

If a judge finds you guilty of a crime, you will have to face the direct consequences. Since misdemeanors are less serious than felonies, the consequences are going to be lower and less significant. They can still easily distance you from loved ones and impact social aspects of your life.

  • Jail

In Oregon, the most time you will spend time in jail for a misdemeanor is one year.

  • Fines

Fines in Oregon for misdemeanor crimes will not exceed $6,250. These will include things like court fines, supervision fees, and any other fees ordered by the court.

  • Mandatory Classes

If you get charged with a DUII, you may be required to complete Oregon’s DUII Diversion Program.

Personal Consequences

Personal consequences are civil penalties and, as such, can truly impact your daily life in many negative ways. You can find some common examples of public consequences below.

  • Inability to gain public benefits

Different housing organizations can deny you housing if there is compelling evidence that you have been or still are involved with drug- or alcohol-related activities. Such activities may also impact student loans, grants, or welfare benefits.

  • Trouble getting a job

Oregon law prohibits employers from asking applicants about criminal history until after the first interview. However, that does not mean you are completely in the clear. Your criminal history can result in a denied application after a second interview, or it can impact your relationships with co-workers.

  • Public information

Since criminal convictions are public information, this can mean that anyone can learn about a conviction, therein affecting relationships with everyone around you.

License Consequences

License consequences are going to be a mixture of both direct and personal consequences. Driver’s license suspension is going to be more of a direct consequence, whereas loss or denial of a professional license because of the charge is a bit more of a personal consequence.

Get Help

Misdemeanor crimes aren’t exclusive to Oregon—they’re quite prevalent throughout the country. In an interview with NPR’s Terry Gross, Alexandra Natapoff—a former federal public defender—stated that, “Thirteen million misdemeanor cases are filed every year in this country.”

If you live in Oregon and find yourself facing a misdemeanor charge, contact a Clackamas county criminal defense attorney. Jared Justice is there to help you face the road ahead.

consequences of a misdemeanor on your record

Learn When to Say No to a Police Officer: Know Your Rights

Consider this situation: a police officer pulls you over and approaches your car asking to conduct a search. Under what circumstances can you withhold consent? If you’ve never considered the proper way to respond to such a situation, you’re not alone. Even the most cautious drivers may find themselves ill-prepared to deal with an insistent police officer. Before you get back on the road, familiarize yourself with the U.S. citizenships rights and responsibilities and learn when to say no to a police officer.

When You Should Say “No”

It’s not unheard of for police officers to try and push citizens to accept a search—even going as far as ignoring someone when they simply say “no.” If you ever find yourself in this situation, you’ll want to make sure you clearly and forcefully use one of the following statements:

  • “I do not consent to a warrantless search.”


  • “No, officer (sir or ma’am), this is a private place/home/event, you may not enter without a warrant.”

Officers will try to get you to comply voluntarily to their searches. According to an article in Stanford Politics newsmagazine, they found that “an estimated 90 percent of warrantless searches are conducted pursuant to consent, and they are an important law enforcement tool.” Thus, meaning that people tend to say yes when they have the right to say no. This allows police officers to confuse individuals while simultaneously reinforcing their contention against you if you were to go to court.  

Remember, unless they have a warrant or probable cause, police cannot search without your consent. Understanding when you can say no to police officers and why you should is imperative to protecting your rights.

When they ask for consent to search your car or your person

You are allowed to say no when an officer asks to search you or your vehicle. Officers may use language such as “taking a look” inside your car to diminish the seriousness of the act. Make sure you are vocal, yet polite, about not allowing them to do so.

When they ask you questions after your arrest

If you are under arrest, the arresting officer should immediately read you your Miranda rights, which will inform you of your right to an attorney. After this, the first and only thing you’ll want to say is that you want to speak to an attorney. Once you do that, you do not want to say anything else. Your Clackamas County criminal defense attorney will be grateful if you stay quiet, no matter how much the police provoke you to incriminate yourself.

Why You Should Say “No”

It’s your constitutional right

The Constitution protects individuals against unreasonable search and seizure; the 4th Amendment states that citizens have the right to refuse random police searches anywhere, anytime. Only if an officer has strong evidence to believe you’re involved in criminal activity can they perform a search of you or your property.

It’ll protect you if you end up in court

If there’s any chance that an officer may find incriminating evidence, agreeing to a search can be incredibly destructive for you in court. If the police find something, it can kill your case before you even get to prepare your argument.

Remember to stay alert and say no to unwarranted searches.

The 3 Forms of Distracted Driving & Tips to Avoid It

"the 3 forms of distracted friving and tips to avoid it" in text with a picture of a woman putting on lipstick in the mirror while driving

Distracted driving is not something to take lightly. A few short seconds of distraction is all it takes to cause car crashes, injuries, and even deaths. Unfortunately, people usually don’t think these crashes will happen to them, and they continue to use cell phones or allow themselves to get distracted by other things.

This is the truth: “During daylight hours, approximately 481,000 drivers are using cell phones while driving.” When drivers use their phones, they exponentially increase their chances of crashing. Driving 55 miles per hour while texting is like driving the length of an entire football field with your eyes closed. The consequences of distracted driving are endless and should be taken quite seriously.

That said, there are more forms of distracted driving than just cell phone use. In recent years, organizations have focused on three main types of distracted driving.

The 3 Forms of Distracted Driving

Cognitive Distraction

This is a mental distraction—when the driver’s mind is not focused on the task at hand. A lot of crashes happen because the driver zones out or becomes lost in thought.


Listening to a podcast or thinking about work, family, or personal issues.

Manual Distraction

A manual distraction is when the driver takes their hands off the wheel for any reason. This is the most well-known form of distracted driving, and it can severely impact the driver’s reaction time to different scenarios.


Eating and drinking in the car, reaching for items in the car, adjusting the radio.

Visual Distraction

Taking your eyes off the road for any amount of time counts as a visual distraction.


Looking at billboards, checking kids’ seatbelts.

A lot of other distractions can combine several of the types of distractions. Texting and driving, for example, includes all three. If you find yourself the driver in a distracted driving crash, find yourself a West Linn criminal defense attorney who can help you in your reckless driving case. These cases should be taken seriously since distracted driving can lead to jail time. Here are a few tips to inhibit your distractions while driving.

Tips to Avoid Distracted Driving

  • If you’re tired, pull off the road and stop driving.
  • Limit the level of activity within the car.
  • Eat before you start driving.
  • Use your cell phone for emergency purposes only, and pull to the side when doing so.
  • Just wait. Almost every task you may attempt to complete while driving can wait until you arrive at your destination.

Important Signs of Drug Addiction You Should Know

Although there are around 3,000 certified addiction counselors in Oregon, more than 300,000 Oregon residents have an untreated substance abuse disorder. Drug addiction is something that anyone can struggle with, regardless of their race, socioeconomic status, gender, or sex. When someone takes a drug, whether it is recreational or prescription, they have a chance to develop an addiction.

There are many signs of drug addiction, but some are easier to detect than others.

Physical Signs

The physical signs of drug addiction are often hidden, disguised, or occur gradually. Despite this, these are also the signs that people most notice first.

Common physical signs of addiction:

  • Bloodshot or glazed eyes
  • Abrupt and constant weight changes
  • Problems sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Tremors or seizures
  • Poor physical coordination

Behavioral Signs

Drug abuse will often significantly alter a person’s behavior because most drugs impact the brain’s ability to focus and think clearly.

Common behavioral signs of drug addiction:

  • Secretive behavior
  • Changes in normal activities and behavior
  • Consistent and repeated lying and dishonesty
  • Self-isolation
  • Changes in common social circles
  • Neglecting responsibilities

Psychological Signs

When someone struggles with drug addiction, along with looking and acting in different ways, there will also be changes in their thoughts and emotions. Drugs often impact a person’s thought patterns, beliefs, attitudes, and priorities.

Common psychological signs of drug abuse:

  • Depression, anxiety, or other mental illnesses (not meaning that those who struggle with these illnesses mean someone is dealing with drug abuse)
  • Paranoid or obsessive thoughts
  • Lack of motivation
  • Feelings of disinterest or apathy
  • Negative self-image
  • Sudden mood swings

Withdrawal Signs

When drug users attempt to stop abruptly or wean themselves off a particular drug, it can be incredibly hard on their body and mind. If you or someone you know is addicted to drugs, seek help when trying to quit.

Common withdrawal signs of drug abuse:

  • Trembling, jumpiness, and shakiness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Insomnia and fatigue
  • Headaches and fever
  • Seizures
  • Loss of appetite

A person may face certain obstacles when they’re trying to overcome their addiction. Thankfully, there are people and organizations willing to help. It doesn’t matter if someone made mistakes and now needs a Clackamas county criminal defense attorney or if someone needs help finding a rehab facility. An addict is never alone in their fight for a better life.