Everyone wants to enjoy the sunshine during the summer. Beaches, barbeques, festivals—all of it sounds like a fantastic time. A lot of people like to celebrate the warm weather with a refreshing beverage, but when those drinks include alcohol, the result can be dangerous.
It’s important to indulge in alcoholic drinks responsibly, as a lot of summer activities turn hazardous when mixed with boozy beverages. Found below are the various risks of drinking in the sun, along with some tips on how to stay safe if you decide to do so.
Property crime happens every day, all around us. Fortunately, according to the FBI, in 2018 compared to 2017 “burglaries were down 12.7 percent [and] larceny-thefts decreased 6.3 percent.” The consequences of such crimes vary depending on circumstance and type.
Before we get into the consequences, however, it’s important to understand what exactly property crimes are. A property crime refers to a category of crimes that involve the destruction or theft of another person’s property, such as graffiti, littering, or robbery. Learn more about the common types of property crime below.
For years, people have been talking about the harmful consequences of cyberbullying. Yet, many continue to use the internet as a way to safeguard themselves while attacking others. And although this method may seem safe to the cyberbully, there are plenty of harsh consequences. As these acts have become more prevalent and more intense with the advancement of technology, it’s important to stay up-to-date on what the definitions and the various consequences of these harmful acts.
Many different forms of abuse have been known to take place within relationships. Some people think that just because the abuse is not physical, it isn’t a problem. However, other forms of abuse can end up being much more damaging to the victim’s mental health.
That said, the details surrounding other types of abuse can get a bit blurry. Specifically, when it comes to emotional and psychological abuse, it can be difficult to ascertain what exactly separates the two. However, this does not lessen the harmful impact that comes from these forms of domestic violence. We’ve compiled a guide that explains the difference between emotional and psychological abuse and tips for stopping the abusive behavior.
Difference Between Emotional & Psychological Abuse
Emotional and psychological abuse are both quite distinct from physical abuse, and although they do not leave physical marks, they can be just as destructive. Oftentimes, emotional and psychological abuse lead to anxiety, depression, and addiction—these abusive behaviors make the victim feel at fault.
To help you better understand the two, we’ve listed out the definitions and signs of each abusive behavior. If you find that you’ve performed any of the actions below, seek help.
What is Emotional Abuse?
Emotional abuse refers to the type of abuse that affects how someone feels. According to a journal article by K.P O’Hagan, “emotional abuse impairs the emotional life and impedes emotional development.” Therefore, when this takes place in an intimate relationship, stunted emotional growth for each partner becomes a huge problem.
A healthy relationship allows for continuous growth for each partner—emotional and otherwise. Which is why emotionally abusive actions can happen in any relationship. And why similarly, anyone can become emotionally abusive. According to a Psychology Today article, emotional abuse occurs when “resentment starts to outweigh compassion.” That resentment transfers to harsh words, lack of care, and general unfair behavior to one’s partner.
Emotional abuse does not mean yelling; couples are known to shout at each other when tensions are high. It’s when that yelling turns into an emotional verbal assault that it becomes a problem. Emotional abuse is an attempt to control the other person using the victim’s emotions as the weapon of choice.
You’re Being Emotionally Abusive If…
1. You Blame Your Partner For Things They Cannot Control
Example: If you throw a tantrum and tell your partner it’s because of them
2. You Constantly Criticize
Example: Saying “I love you, but…” is a sure-fire way to criticize how your partner is loving you, and how you can take that love away if they don’t “behave.”
3. You Isolate Your Partner
Example: You only want them, and allow them, to spend time with you—cutting them off from friends and family.
4. You’re Regularly Jealous
Example: Jealousy manifests into you invading your partner’s privacy by going through their text messages and social media accounts.
5. You Belittle Your Partner’s Accomplishments
Example: Instead of being congratulatory, you take the initiative to belittle your partner—whether that be by ignoring, shaming, or criticizing.
What is Psychological Abuse?
Psychological abuse falls underneath the category of emotional abuse but is a bit more nuanced than general emotionally abusive behavior. According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, psychological abuse involves trauma to the victim via various other abusive behaviors, and that those behaviors are used to “control, terrorize, and denigrate” victims. They also found that, “48.4% of women and 48.8% of men have experienced at least one psychologically aggressive behavior by an intimate partner.”
It’s important to get psychologically abusive behavior under control. While you may be able to minimize the effects of this behavior, a number of studies have shown that it results in long-term damage to the victim’s mental health. The subtle abuse can be even more harmful than overt psychological abuse. The signs below exhibit the different ways one may be psychologically abusive.
You’re Being Psychologically Abusive If…
1. You Gaslight Your Partner to Maintain Dominance
Gaslight definition: manipulating someone by psychological means to get them to question their sanity.
Example: You tell your partner that they’re acting crazy or that they aren’t remembering something correctly.
2. You Try to Convince Your Partner Their Memory is Poor
Example: An aspect of gaslighting, you deny things you said (even when your partner has proof) to make them feel insane.
3. You Manipulate Confidences
Example: When your partner confides you, you use those truths to get them to do something for you or to push at their insecurities.
4. You Regularly Guilt-Trip Your Partner
Example: Threatening self-harm as a way to get your partner not to leave you, or to appease you in an argument.
5. You Constantly Feed Messages To Get Them to Fear Others
Example: You tell your partner that everyone else around them is a liar or doesn’t like them—telling blatant lies to keep your partner unstable.
While it is beneficial to notice the difference between the two abusive behaviors, if one doesn’t address them, in the long run, they can severely impact the victim. They often happen in tandem, creating a trapped sensation. Both abusive behaviors cause harm, and—when noticed—should be stopped. Below we provide some tips on how to end this emotionally abusive behavior.
Tips to Stop Emotional and Psychological Abusive Behavior
If you’re realizing that you may be acting in this way and promoting these abusive behaviors, the first step forward is trying to stop it. Here are a few tips to try and put an end to this harmful behavior.
Work on tackling resentment—once you have more compassion for yourself, you’ll be able to show more consideration for the people around you.
Stop rationalizing your abusive behavior; you need to first recognize the rude comments, jealousy, and other actions in order to finish them off.
Recognize that unintentional abuse is still abuse. You may not want to hurt your partner, but that doesn’t mean your behavior is okay.
Respect your partner’s right to be safe and healthy as you work on improving yourself—this may mean not being together.
Seek help. Speak with a doctor or mental health professional. They can help you work on the inner issues you’re having with yourself, which you are more than likely casting upon your partner.
If you find you can’t control these harmful behaviors, you may find yourself in legal trouble. Contact a West Linn criminal defense attorney to help you in this difficult time—seek help.
Across the United States, prostitution is a point of contention and people argue about whether it’s good or bad. In fact, according to research found by Marist Poll, “Nearly half of U.S. residents, 49% report prostitution between two consenting adults should be legal while 44% disagree.” Despite the back and forth on the morality of prostitution, it’s still illegal.
In Oregon, it’s a crime to buy or sell sex, force somebody else to engage in prostitution, or facilitate prostitution. There are specific prostitution laws against the person selling sex, and separate patronizing laws against those who buy sex.
All these different terms and laws can get a bit confusing. To clarify for anyone who has been charged with a crime involving some aspect of prostitution, below is a guide to what is considered promoting prostitution.
Often called “pimping” or “pandering,” promoting prostitution laws are aimed at the people or organizations that benefit from, or help others commit, prostitution. A big caveat for these laws is that the defendant must know that prostitution is occurring.
More specifically, according to Oregon state law a person promotes prostitution if he or she:
Owns, manages, or supervises a place of prostitution
Forces a person to engage in prostitution or stay at a place of prostitution
Receives, or agrees to receive, compensation in return for a prostitution activity
Engages in any conduct that facilitates an act or enterprise of prostitution
Another act considered as promoting prostitution is if a person encourages another to take part in either side of a sex-for-money transaction. Promoting prostitution is a multi-faceted act and getting charged with such a crime comes with many consequences.
Examples of Promoting Prostitution
Procuring a prostitute for a patron
Causing another to become or remain a prostitute intentionally
Soliciting clients for another person who is a prostitute
Driving someone to a known place of prostitution
Encouraging a person to leave a state for prostitution purposes
Letting your house, vehicle, or property be knowingly used for prostitution
If you’re charged with promoting prostitution, it is considered a Class C felony in Oregon. This means the crime is punishable with up to five years in prison and a fine up to $125,000. Promoting prostitution is a serious crime, and the consequences of participating are severe in Oregon as well. If you or someone you know is charged with such a crime, get in contact with a Clackamas Country sex crime defense attorney. In situations like these, you want to have the best for your defense.
Reckless driving is a term you may have heard before—but what exactly does it mean? Below, we delve into what’s considered reckless driving in Oregon and the various penalties that come with it.
What is Considered Reckless Driving?
Many states have a law against reckless driving—Oregon takes these laws very seriously. Reckless driving is defined as a crime in which someone drives in a way that puts the safety of people or property in danger. This is different than careless driving, and the motorist does not realize they are driving dangerously. Individuals can be charged for either crime, but careless driving charges are typically less severe.
Reckless driving is a serious traffic offense and is often charged as a misdemeanor, so it’s important to note what actions result in reckless driving charges. According to the Insurance Information Institute, for years “speeding has been involved in approximately one-third of all motor vehicle fatalities,” but there is a lot more to dangerous driving than just speeding. Check out a few other actions defined as reckless driving below.
Passing another vehicle when visibility of oncoming traffic is limited on a two-lane highway
Driving 25 miles per hour (or more) over the posted speed limit
Ignoring traffic signs
Racing other vehicles
Weaving through traffic
Oregon also has a charge called a wet reckless—reckless driving while under the influence of intoxicants. Often, the main charge you’ll receive in these cases is a DUII charge, but you may receive a reckless driving charge along with it.
You’ll get charged with a wet reckless if you do one of the following:
Speeding while under the influence of intoxicants
Driving with a child in the car while under the influence of intoxicants
Being involved in an accident while under the influence of intoxicants
What Are the Penalties for Reckless Driving in Oregon?
In Oregon, reckless driving is considered a Class A misdemeanor, so there a few different penalties one could face.
Maximum of one year in Jail
Maximum of $6,250 in fines
License suspension—90 days for a first offense, one year for a second offense within five years
Maximum period of supervision or probation that can be imposed is five years
Apart from those specific penalties, Oregon often adds other consequences for this crime. Any added consequences typically depends on your prior driving history. A reckless driving charge will also go on your driving record and may result in a criminal record.
If you get charged for reckless driving or a DUII, get in contact with a Beaverton criminal defense attorney as soon as possible.
For years, research has shared the different ways that alcohol negatively affects the body. Yet, people still turn to alcohol for various reasons. The nonprofit organization Facing Addiction with NCADD found that unfortunately “17.6 million people, or one in every 12 adults, suffer from alcohol use disorder or alcohol dependence.”
This fact demonstrates just how many people rely on alcohol. Oftentimes, people don’t realize how much the alcohol they are drinking is affecting their bodies and minds. Because of this, we’ve decided to compose a guide about what exactly happens to your body at different BAC levels.
Don’t think that you’re invincible to the hazards of alcohol—below you’ll find information on how blood alcohol concentration affects your body.
Understanding Various BAC Levels
When ingested, alcohol impairs the body’s central nervous system, reducing inhibitions and response to stimuli. To measure alcohol’s effect on the body, one must determine the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. For example, a BAC level of 0.1% is one-part alcohol per 1,000 parts blood. Below we’ll describe what happens to your body at each level.
1.5 ounces of distilled spirits or liquor is 40% alcohol content
The standard drink has 0.6 ounces of pure alcohol in it—heavily affecting how people act and think.
BAC of 0.02%
The lowest level of intoxication, when someone has a BAC of 0.02% there will be a small impact on the brain and body. People with this blood alcohol concentration will feel effects in mood, have a slightly warmer temperature, feel relaxed, and will possibly make poor judgments.
BAC of 0.05%
A slightly raised level of intoxication, at BAC levels around 0.05%, an individual’s behavior will become exaggerated. A typical symptom of this raised blood alcohol level is blurry vision—this will come into play as you lose control of small muscle functions. Individuals will have problems with concentration and coordination at this level.
Individuals with this BAC are at a considerable and visible level of intoxication. A person’s thinking and reasoning will be much slower, which are a symptom of the brain’s inability to react and the nervous system’s inability to stay in control. This BAC is where most people will often note slurred speech.
BAC of 0.2%
This BAC level is when individuals begin to blackout. A person may participate in events that they won’t remember as high levels of confusion and disorientation are prevalent. This hazardous and high level of alcohol in your system will change the ability to sense pain and impair the gag reflex. Nausea, vomiting, and harm are likely to occur, as you won’t be able to recognize or control things happening to you.
BAC of 0.3%
Stupor sets in at this stage—your brain will essentially shut down, so people will think you’re awake, but internally, it’s like you’ve passed out. You will be unresponsive to all stimuli and you will have an incredibly difficult time recognizing and understanding people around you.
BAC of 0.4% or Above
A blood alcohol percentage this high puts people in comas and can even cause sudden death. Either the heart or breathing will stop suddenly, ending a life.
If you or someone you know has an alcohol abuse problem, reach out to various rehab facilities. If an individual has made mistakes, and you’re in need of a lawyer, talk to Jared Justice—a top-notch Clackamas County criminal defense attorney.
In 2015, Oregon released a Public Service Announcement campaign to reinforce the incredible dangers of underage drinking. The Oregon Liquor Control Commission and alcoholic beverage company Pernod Ricard joined forces to remind parents of the dangers of underage drinking and that parents should not excuse this behavior. The PSA read as follows:
Underage drinking doesn’t start with a drink. It starts with an excuse. “We drank when we were that young and we turned out okay.” “It’s fine if he takes a sip. My son knows the limit.” “These kids are under so much pressure. I say let’s cut them a break.” “I don’t mind if he’s drinking with his friends. Just as long as they’re doing it at our house.”
This mindset is harmful because it steers away from the fact that underage drinking is dangerous. The most recent campaign targets teens, reminding them that drinking and driving is the ultimate party foul.
Underage drinking is never acceptable for many reasons. AAA released a study that concluded that “people who begin drinking before they’re 15 years old are five times more likely to be alcoholics later in life.” There are many other legal consequences of underage drinking, and we have listed a few of them below.
Consequences of Underage Drinking in Oregon
In most states, a BAC of .08% is the legal limit for adult drivers. Some states even allow up to a .02% BAC level in underage drivers. In Oregon, however, any amount of alcohol in a driver under 21 years of age is illegal.
1. Suspended License
If a minor is charged with a DUII, they will face a one-year license suspension. Unless they are approved for and participate in Oregon’s DUII Diversion Program, the minimum penalty is one year without a driver’s license.
A Class A misdemeanor conviction comes with a $1,000 fine—but you may accrue court charges on top of that.
3. Community Service
For minors, community service is often a result of an underage drinking and driving conviction. 80 hours of community service is a common penalty.
4. Installation of an IID
For more serious DUII charges, an Ignition Interlock Device (IID) may be installed in any vehicle operated by the offender. This can remain in place for one year.
5. Transferred Charges
Frequently, underage DUII charges are transferred from the juvenile court to the adult court system, where the penalties can become more expansive. One year in jail, five years of probation, a one-year license suspension, and a $6,250 fine are the maximum penalties for underage DUIIs in an adult court.
Talk to an Attorney
If you or someone you know has been convicted of underage drinking and driving, there are a few things you need to know. Make sure to talk to a Beaverton DUII attorney, and they will help in any way they can. Contact our office right away and let us help you find the best solution.
When it comes to DUII charges, many individuals receive misinformation due to the tendency to believe whatever we’ve seen online or on TV. These half-truths can lead to a serious misunderstanding that effects how people view the crime. To combat the most common myths about DUII, we’ve listed five misconceptions and explain the truths behind them.
Common Misconceptions About DUII In Oregon
Myth #1: A DUII charge means you’re automatically guilty
The argument refuting this myth is pretty simple—United States citizens are all innocent until proven guilty. Not all DUII arrests are the same, and it’s not unheard of for police to make arbitrary arrests; some people who receive an arrest for DUIIs are actually innocent due to feeble police observation or faulty chemical tests.
Truth #1: To convict someone of a DUII, it must be legally proven that the driver was intoxicated.
. . .
Myth #2: A drunk driving charge isn’t as severe as driving under the influence of drugs
The truth is, Oregon does not have a separate charge for drinking while driving and driving while on drugs. In both circumstances, police will charge the person performing either of these acts as driving under the influence of intoxicants (DUII). If a lab can prove that an intoxicant of some form was in the blood, then the court may find the driver guilty.
Truth #2: It is just as bad of a conviction to drive while under the influence of drugs.
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Myth #3: Anyone can participate in the DUII Diversion Program
Oregon has a DUII Diversion Program for individuals who plead guilty to their DUII charge. However, to opt for the diversion program, individuals will need to meet several requirements. First-time offenders can often participate, but this is not the case for everyone.
Truth #3: If you received a DUII conviction in the past, have been in the program in the last 15 years, or the offense resulted in death or injury of another, you cannot participate.
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Myth #4: A DUII is not a big deal
This misconception is far from the truth. A DUII is not as bad as first-degree murder, but it still taints your record. Oregon specifically takes DUIIs quite seriously—convictions will often result in fines, license suspensions, and sometimes jail time. In fact, although a DUII will drop off your driving record after 3–7 years, “the infraction will likely remain on your criminal record forever.”
Truth #4: A DUII in Oregon comes with many consequences—significant fines, license suspension, and perhaps jail time.
. . .
Myth #5: Any attorney can defend a DUII charge
DUII law can be quite specific, and it’s important to choose someone who knows what they’re doing in these situations. Unlike assault, a DUII conviction could be a potentially lifelong charge affecting an individual’s mobility, future employment, and insurance. Don’t try and take your DUII defense in your own hands or let a family friend tax attorney represent you in court—choose a reputable Clackamas County DUII lawyer.
Truth #5: There’s a science to DUII law that is different than other practices—you need somebody knowledgeable.
Even the best of relationships can be strenuous. People tend to focus on physical and verbal abuse in toxic relationships, but not on financial abuse. According to U.S. News, “Financial abuse occurs in 98% of abusive relationships.” To ensure that you don’t harm your partner in this particular way, learn more about what financial abuse is, the signs you’re financially abusing your partner, and helpful tips on how to stop this behavior. A solid, supportive, and healthy relationship requires open communication, trust, understanding, and so much more.
What Is Financial Abuse?
Financial abuse is when someone controls his or her partner’s ability to acquire, maintain, and use financial resources. The forms of financial abuse are varied, and each situation is different. No matter what, each person in a relationship should have the ability to be financially independent. Preventing this ability results in financial abuse.
Subtle tactics like manipulation can be used to enforce financial abuse, but in some cases, more overt and intimidating tactics can lead to other forms of domestic violence. Financial abuse is often the primary reason a victim remains trapped in an abusive relationship.
Possessive, overbearing attitudes and behaviors in a relationship can significantly impact a partner’s welfare. If you’re worried that you’re being financially abusive, keep reading as we explain the different signs of financial abuse in a relationship.
The Big Signs: You’re Being Financially Abusive If…
1. You Control All the Income
Some couples do have one person handle all the financial responsibilities if the other partner is doing something equally important—this balance of responsibility is very important in healthy relationships. This only becomes a problem when one controls the money in an unhealthy and manipulative manner. Whether you control only the credit cards or all the income, seizing financial authority over your partner makes them dependent on you. This creates an unequal partnership. If you frequently check your partner’s bank account but don’t let them see yours, you’re creating an imbalance in the relationship, and this can be detrimental.
Example: You open credit cards in your partner’s name without telling them.
2. You Get Upset When Your Partner Spends Money
A lot of couples agree to follow a budget, but when one person calls all the shots, an unhealthy relationship can develop. If you’re deciding when your partner spends money and what they spend it on—or if you get angry when they spend money without your approval—this is an issue. If your partner feels the need to seek retribution for a purchase they made, you have undoubtedly created a financially abusive situation.
Example: You become angry when you find that your partner has spent even a little bit of money without your approval.
3. You Ruin Job Prospects
Preventing your partner from going to work or harassing them while they’re at work doesn’t just make them look bad—it can also cause problems with their ability to hold down a job. When you go to your partner’s workplace, prevent them from doing their job, or keep them from getting a job altogether, you violate their independence.
Even bombarding your partner with texts and phone calls can distract them to the point where they can’t complete their work. All of these small distractions can add up and create larger issues at work. Any of these examples are a problem, especially when done purposefully. Ruining your partner’s job prospects restricts their movement in an organization that provides them with resources to get them out of this abusive relationship.
Example: You discourage your partner from going back to school, making them dependent on your income.
4. You Constantly Assert Your Financial Dominance
If you consistently indicate to your partner that you’re in charge, you’re enforcing an unequal and unhealthy balance within your relationship. Even if a bank account is under one partner’s name, the other shouldn’t be left with nothing. Don’t let this create a power imbalance, since that can cause you to act in a dominant and manipulative manner.
Example: You use phrases like “This is my money…” or “This is my house…”.
5. You Give Your Partner an Allowance
Just like getting upset when your partner spends money, giving your partner an allowance is another aspect of financial abuse. Your partner is neither your child nor your dependent—they are your equal, and you giving them an allowance does not treat them as such.
Example: You decide when and how your partner spends money.
6. You Keep Financials a Secret
You may think that keeping financial information a secret from your partner is a good idea, but this is a form of control. As we’ve noted, each person in the relationship should be able to practice financial independence—if you keep your finances a secret, you’re taking control of someone else’s financial matters in an unhealthy manner.
Example: You keep bills, loans, and debt a secret from your partner.
Tips on Stopping Abusive Behavior
After recognizing the different signs that you’re abusing your significant other, you may wonder how to stop. A lot of abusers don’t realize that their actions are wrong, don’t care about the damage they do, or simply cannot stop themselves. The inability to stop their own abusive behavior can stem from substance abuse problems, impulse control issues, and even brain damage. If you find yourself the abuser in a relationship and want help stopping the abusive cycle, there are a few things you can do.
Get sober with the help of rehabilitation programs, counseling, and other similar resources.
Stop rationalizing abuse. Abuse is never an acceptable way to deal with personal or relational issues.
Fully accept how seriously you have hurt the people you care about, whether it be your partner, family members, and/or children.
Talk to a professional to deal with any anger issues, substance abuse problems, lack of boundaries, or personal relationship strategies. There are people who want to help if you’re willing to admit to your abusiveness.
Commit to succeeding. There will be times when you’ll want to revert to past methods of dealing with stress and anger. Stick to commitment to change.
If you’re unable to control these unhealthy behaviors and find yourself in legal trouble, contact a Clackamas County criminal defense attorney to help you in court.